Marguerite Higgins: First Female War Correspondent To Win Pulitzer Prize
Accredited as an official war reporter in 1945, Marguerite Higgins was the first to inform prisoners of the Dachau concentration camp that they were free.
After writing for the New York Herald Tribune, Marguerite Higgins became the bureau chief in Japan during the 1950s. When the Korean War began, she was thrown out by one of the generals. Higgins then appealed to General MacArthur who reversed the order.
For her documentation about the Korean War, Higgins became the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize for international reporting.
By: Marguerite Higgins
“It was a moving and rather terrifying experience, there on that rainy road to Seol, to have the crowds cheer and wave as our little caravan of Americans went by. Their obvious confidence in anything American had a pathetic quality. I thought then, as I was to think often in later days, “I hope we don’t let them down.”
Higgins continued as a war correspondent during the Vietnam War, and kept writing even when hospitalized after contracting a tropical disease. She died from the disease at the age of 45.